In the past while pregnant I have avoided oil paint altogether. Accessed October 17, 2008. We truly appreciate the chance to dialog. But of course, there is also a more measured middle path through this sometimes-pitched battle – namely watchful and careful study, erring on the side of caution whenever possible, and most importantly, keeping everything in perspective and not overreacting. Anyway, we certainly support all artists making their own informed choices, and indeed – as mentioned – we will keep selling a titanium-zinc white for artists to use. This makes the zinc-bearing paints very prone to cracking, as well as intralayer cleavage, where a single layer of paint splits in two, as opposed to separating from another layer below it. While the mechanisms involved are just now being understood, the fact that zinc was susceptible to these issues was known since at least the late 19th century (Petit 1907, Church 1890). Causing symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and destruction of white blood cells, zinc toxicity usually occurs when someone has drunk large quantities of an acidic beverage, such as orange juice, from a galvanized (zinc lined) container, releasing 800 to 2,000 mg of zinc per day, or more. While this represents a significant change, we believe it is the right choice. Rogala, D., Lake, S., Maines, C., Mecklenburg, M. (2010) Condition problems related to zinc oxide underlayers: Examination of selected Abstract Expressionist paintings from the collection of the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution. And our own research continues in the belief that zinc likely has a role to play at some optimal level of addition. So the two fields are not completely separate, and a lot of current conservation and art materials research builds upon the initial research literature generated by the commercial coatings industry. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. I seem to remember Ralph Mayer_ recommending that too in an early edition of his materials and methods. Zinc oxide nanoparticles have also been tested for longer-term toxicity in animals, using both skin tests and experiments in which suspended particles are inhaled. A much more in-depth review of the research and concerns about Zinc Oxide is available in an accompanying piece published on our Just Paint website, “Zinc Oxide – Reviewing the Research,” as well as a more complete “Zinc Oxide: FAQ.”. Zinc oxide, is a white, powdery mineral with a long history of use as sun protection. See this graph, from our article on using Oils with Acrylic, for some data on that: Also, just the briefest of notes about delamination vs cracking when looking at paint on metal: in our tests all the metal plates were primed, so the failures being shown were always between the paint and a primer, not the metal itself, while non-zinc-bearing paints adhered fine. Zinc Oxide 3000 . Because of that, we do not recommend ever using zinc oxide in any material that will be used directly under oils. GOLDEN became increasingly involved in the issues surrounding Zinc Oxide and oil paints once we acquired Williamsburg Handmade Oil Colors in mid-2010. Thanks Sarah wonderful reading., As students it was recommended that lead white be added to any glaze facilitated with zinc to counter embrittlement. All cosmetic products. You should not use zinc oxide topical if you are allergic to zinc, dimethicone, lanolin, cod liver oil, petroleum jelly, parabens, mineral oil, or wax. Repeated applications of silver nitrate may cause a gray or blue-black discoloration of treated skin. Zinc deficiency can alter vision, and severe deficiency can cause changes in the retina (the back of the eye where an image is focused). Rogala, D. (2011) Industrial Literature as a Resource in Modern Materials Conservation: Zinc Oxide House Paint as a Case Study. This article is a companion piece to Zinc Oxide – Warnings Cautions and Best Practices, published in our print newsletter, Just Paint, Issue 35, as well as our FAQs Concerning Zinc Oxide (PW 4) in Oil Paints. This medicine may cause harm if swallowed. If you think you have an infection, consult your healthcare provider. As the European market leader of zinc oxide, with a capacity of over 75,000 tons per year, EverZinc offers an extensive choice of direct and indirect high purity zinc oxide products, designed to meet the particular needs of each specific industrial application.. EverZinc is the First and only producer of GMP zinc oxide covered by an official CEP certificate. Air purifiers may help if they have the correct filter media and actually filter the air you’re breathing, but unless it’s a “hood” with adequate capture velocity, that’s unlikely. And that we painters are of little importance to their choices. There is no evidence of similar problems when using zinc in water-based paints, such as acrylics or watercolors, where it forms a stable film. According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, ... zinc oxide - rubber, paint or pharmaceutical grade . You may not be able to use this medicine if you have certain medical conditions. Best Practices Pas als zinc oxide een stuk ‘kleiner’ wordt gemaakt is er bewezen dat er vrije radicalen vrijkomen. Indeed, even Mecklenburg, who is often seen as raising the awareness around the issues of zinc, stated that ‘it makes some sense to add some zinc oxide pigment to the titanium dioxide in an effort to give the mixture some strength’ (2005, p.18). Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. In Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology, vol. There is a single study of repeated skin exposure in rats (ten per cent of body area treated for five days a week, over four weeks). Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. What Is the Difference Between Adult ADD and Adult ADHD? And if there is anything else we can do, just ask! fragrance free. Zinc oxide works as a mild astringent and has some antiseptic properties. What Kinds of Doctors Diagnose Adult ADHD? I am about to travel so will be out of the office, but can try to look into it some more when I return next week. It appears to … Zinc oxide has astringent, soothing and protective properties and is used in topical preparations for eczema, slight excoriations, wounds and haemorrhoids. Daartoe biedt het (aspirant) artsen praktijkgerichte en beslissingsondersteunende informatie over geneesmiddelen en hun toepassingen. The reactive, soap-forming nature of zinc allows for easier and more efficient dispersing and wetting of pigments, especially ones that might otherwise be difficult to mill. Do not apply thickly. Thanks again for chiming in. This perspective outlines the current state of knowledge concerning the interaction of zinc oxide nanoparticles with eukaryotic cells and the human body. The actual mechanisms which cause zinc to form a brittle paint and have a high risk of cracking or delamination, are still a subject of research but a broad picture starts to emerge. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Zinc Oxide greatly decreases the amount of yellowing associated with other white pigments, such as lead or titanium white, both in terms of the permanent yellowing that occurs with aging, as well as the more temporary phenomenon of dark yellowing. At its most basic, the issue with Zinc Oxide in oils is that it is a highly reactive pigment that forms soaps in contact with free fatty acids found in drying oils, which can cause adhesion problems, while its unique crystalline structure appears to inhibit or interrupt the full curing of an oil paint film, leaving it weakened and more susceptible to cracking. AICCM Bull 33:20–29. (Table 1). The European Union has banned zinc oxide to control diarrhoea in weaning pigs. Our free DiscountRx savings card can help you and your family save money on your prescriptions. Page 1 of 7 Zinc Oxide CAS No 1314-13-2 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SDS/MSDS. Cons Miconazole and zinc oxide topical spray is for use by adults and children who are at least 2 years old. The absolute minimum amount of strain an artist material should be able to accommodate is generally placed at a half percent (.5%). Some of the warnings and precautions to be aware of prior to taking zinc oxide include the following: In general, zinc oxide creams and ointments should not be applied to skin wounds or irritations that may be infected. Mecklenburg, M.,Tumosa, C. S., Erhardt, D.. (2005) The changing mechanical properties of aging oil paints. Current conservation literature is too large to be fully summarized here. Sections. By 2010 this work began to be built on by other researches (Maor, Rogala, Osmond) and the original findings, which had focused on controlled lab samples, started to find frequent and powerful confirmation in case studies on specific works as well as broader surveys of museum collections focused around paintings from the mid-20th century. Pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant. Work on an inflexible support. Copyright @ 2020 Just Paint. We see this mentioned repeatedly in the commercial literature and highlighted by the manufacturers of zinc oxide at the time. Do not use it in underpaintings or lower layers. This property is still utilized by paint manufacturers and is certainly one of the reasons – along with film hardening – that the combination of titanium with a small percentage of zinc white is among the most popular blends. This article is a companion piece to Zinc Oxide – Warnings Cautions and Best Practices, published in our print newsletter, Just Paint, Issue 35, as well as our FAQs Concerning Zinc Oxide (PW 4) in Oil Paints From the start zinc oxide has lived a double life – … Titanium White, it should be noted, is only marginally better, while lead white is clearly the most flexible of the options. In addition, we will discontinue completely our Silver White and SF Silver White (linseed and safflower versions of a lead white – zinc oxide blend), as well as the safflower-based SF Titanium-Zinc. In the pages that follow we will cover our own history and involvement with these issues and share the steps we are taking going forward. I believe both Doerner and Mayer discuss this. If inhaled: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. There are millions of applications out there with thousands of interior and exterior exposure hours. Do Children Inherit ADHD From Their Parents? The argument for a TiO2/ZnO blend in oil is simple: 80% (can vary down to 75%) TiO2 and 20% (can vary up to 25%) ZnO2 is used almost exclusively in all industrial oil based coatings. * Do not eat, smoke, or drink where Zinc Oxideis handled, processed, or stored, since the chemical can be swallowed. This card is accepted at all major chain pharmacies, nationwide. Because of this, the film remains structurally fragile, with hard and brittle formations only weakly linked to each other. Zinc Oxide: Warnings, Cautions, and Best Practices October 21, 2019 February 1, 2018 by Sarah Sands The use of Zinc Oxide in oils has been the focus of a lot of attention lately, especially around its potential to cause an increased rate and degree of embrittlement, cracking, and … In the future we will know more – whether there are safe levels of zinc, or at least safer ways to use it. Zinc plays a key role in maintaining vision, and it is present in high concentrations in the eye. In-Between Een zinkoxide crème zoals Drs Leenarts Beschermende Barrière crème kan je gebruiken op rode plekken in de liezen of onder de borsten, die soms wat vochtig kunnen zijn. 0.5 OZ. As described earlier elsewhere, Zinc Oxide is very reactive and will quickly form metallic soaps from free fatty acids found in oil paints. For External Use Only. Precautionary statement(s ) P273 Avoid release to the environment. grounds, substrates, or even composite materials where Zinc Oxide might be listed as a component, or where it exists as an anti-corrosion coating, such as found on galvanized metal. WARNINGS. I passed your question by our Health and Safety Director and he felt you already had a pretty good handle on the topic but also passed along the following points: We hope this is helpful. Is There a Link Between Adult ADHD and Food Additives and Pesticides? FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether Zinc will harm an unborn baby. Those failures can occur from internal stresses within a painting, as well as external ones caused by bending, flexing, stretching, vibration, shocks, or large changes in environmental conditions. Zinc Oxide 2011 . Zinc mining is the process by which mineral forms of the metal zinc are extracted from the earth through mining.A zinc mine is a mine that produces zinc minerals in ore as its primary product. In this they are not unlike lead soaps, which have shown similar issues, albeit over a longer period of time. If zinc oxide cream is swallowed, call a doctor or poison control center right away. Miconazole and zinc oxide topical ointment is not for use on general diaper rash without a related yeast infection. Description and Brand Names; Before Using; Proper Use; Precautions; Side Effects; Products and services. Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex If your or your child's symptoms do not improve within 7 days, or if they become worse, check with your doctor. It could also be used to modify the extreme opacity of Titanium to create a more general mixing white. While there was never evidence of a specific ‘safe level’ one could use, it was suggested to us and others that 15% was a reasonable target to aim for. Because of this, whenever Zinc Oxide is removed from a blend, or the percentage greatly reduced, it will usually require additional milling and effort to achieve the same color development. When using this product do not get into eyes. Avoid stretching, bending, or flexing of the surface. Though I would if it was the safer bet. How Exactly Does Zinc Oxide Cause the Cracking? Zinc Oxide Cream: Zinc oxide is a topical skin product that is used as a protective coating for mild skin irritations and abrasions. AIC Paintings Specialty Group Postprints, Issue 24: 78-91, Rogala, D., Lake, S., Maines, C., Mecklenburg, M (2010) A Closer Look: Condition Issues in Abstract Expressionist Ground Layers, AIC Paintings Specialty Group Postprints, Issue 22: 41-46. The key difference between zinc and zinc oxide is that the zinc is a chemical element whereas zinc oxide is a chemical compound.. Zinc is a metallic chemical element in the d block of the periodic table of elements. As mentioned earlier, the core issues of brittleness and cracking involving Zinc Oxide had been well-known since the 19th century. * On skin contact with Zinc Oxide, immediately wash or shower to remove the chemical. Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. Protect the paintings from anything pressing from the rear by using a backing board. Then, launder your clothes as usual. Zinc oxide . Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 49(2): 96-113. Finally, Zinc Oxide is also an extremely reactive pigment that rapidly creates metallic soaps from the fatty acids found in drying oils; a process known as saponification. They are essentially cut off from connecting to the rest of the polymer network. With these new formulations in place, we soon started longer-term, controlled testing, although for oil paints, even initial results can unfortunately take many years to bear fruit and validate our decisions. Typical sources of heavy metals in the atmosphere are road traffic (antimony, lead, copper, molybdenum, bismuth), industry and the energy sector (arsenic, cadmium, chrome, nickel, zinc) but also private households. Zinc oxide is one such chemical compound that contains zinc and oxygen atoms. Registration dossier . This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Registration dossier . Although some conservation articles written between 2000-2007 mention Zinc Oxide, most were concerned with metallic soaps in general and their ability to form mobile aggregates or surface efflorescence, with lead soaps being decidedly the main focus. Zinc oxide topical cream is used to treat and prevent diaper rash. Find patient medical information for Zinc Oxide-Zinc Citrate Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Precautions. Zinkoxide is een anorganische verbinding van zink en zuurstof met de brutoformule ZnO. Zinc might also have effects against viruses. INACTIVE INGREDIENTS: • Mica • Triethoxycaprylylsilane • Yellow Iron Oxides •Red Iron Oxides ... ZINC OXIDE (UNII: SOI2LOH54Z) (ZINC OXIDE - UNII:SOI2LOH54Z) ZINC OXIDE: 145 mg in 1 g: Inactive Ingredients: Ingredient Name Strength; The most common way to represent a paint’s flexibility is through stress/strain curves, where the percentage of stretching, or strain, is plotted along the x-axis, and the force required to cause that movement along the y-axis. Do you have any plans to test pure titanium white in other binders than linseed oil? As Dawn Rogala points out, a lot of the issues conservators are currently seeing were first discovered and mentioned in industrial literature, so the findings of the two fields are not really opposed. Zinc is an essential mineral that humans need to stay healthy.Zinc helps the immune system fight off bacteria and viruses, is important for wound healing and is important for proper senses of taste and smell.The body also needs zinc to make proteins and DNA, the genetic materials in cells.. Zinc is available under the following different brand names: Galzin and ZnCl2. (Figure 1). As a paint maker you know that the industrial coating industry drives the R&D and the product offerings both for pigments and vehicles. Most oil paints, as they cure, form an intricate web of intermingled, crosslinked chains of fatty acids. Please sign into you HealthSavvy account. Until then, we will continue to follow the research and conduct our own studies and make that information available to you. Can I Have Adult ADHD But Not Be Hyperactive? It can be concerning, we agree, but better to know and have the chance to make informed choices. Zinc oxide is used in a wide range of cosmetics and personal care products including makeup, nail products, baby lotions, bath soaps and foot powders. We describe the overall concerns with Zinc Oxide, which can be traced back to shortly after its introduction over 150 years ago, as well as some of the reasons why its use has persisted to the present day. Maintain the painting in as stable an environment as possible, following similar ranges recommended for museums and galleries of 16-25°C (60-77°F) and 40-60% RH. Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Zn O.ZnO is a white powder that is insoluble in water. If the coating industry can say, with experience of millions of hours of exposure time, that this blend is the best choice then that’s good enough for me. Zinc oxide topical will not treat a bacterial or fungal infection. 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To modify the extreme opacity of titanium to create a more general mixing White practice with caution! For vibration, sudden shocks from dropping, or flexing of the options without. By becoming mobile and breaking through to the much greater flexibility and strength lead!
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